Sambo is an acronym for the Russian words Samooborona Bez Oruzhiya, which means "Self-Defence without weapons". Sambo was founded in the early 1920s by the Soviet Red Army in order to improve their hand to hand fighting. Sambo is made up of the most effective fighting techniques availlable. Its base arts are, Japanese Judo, Armenian Kokh, Georgian Chidaoba, Moldavian Trinta, Tatar Koras, Uzbek Kurash, Mongolian Khapsagay and Azerbaijani Gulesh. The founder of Sambo was a man named Vasili Oshchepkov, Vasili studied Judo under Jigoro Kano in Japan. His fate is a sad one as he died in Prison during the Political Purges of 1937. But his legacy lives on.